Pneumonia

http://www.babycenter.com/0_pneumonia_10898.bc?showAll=true

Cough and fever are two of pneumonia’s main symptoms. Other symptoms can include weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, headache, muscle pain, and trouble breathing. Pneumonia can strike anytime, but it usually shows up in winter and spring, often after a cold or other upper respiratory infection.

Bacterial and Viral

For bacterial pneumonia, doctors prescribe antibiotics. Viral pneumonia doesn’t respond to antibiotics, so treatment may be limited to rest and fluids. In fact, getting enough fluids is vital to fight the dehydration from rapid breathing and fever that’s often a side effect of pneumonia.

If your child has bacterial pneumonia, you may want to try running a cool mist humidifier. If she’s feverish and uncomfortable, you may want to give her the proper dose of acetaminophen or (if she’s 6 months or older) ibuprofen.

Practice good personal hygiene. Wash your hands and your child’s hands often to prevent the spread of germs. Don’t let your child share cups or utensils. Regularly wash all the places germy body parts might touch, like the phone, toys, doorknobs, and the refrigerator door handle.

http://www.drgreene.com/articles/pneumonia/

The length of the pneumonia depends on the specific organism causing it. Some pneumonias last as little as several days, although two to three weeks is more common. The cough can last even longer.

The diagnosis is usually based on history, physical examination, and chest x-ray. If a bacterial pneumonia is suspected, appropriate cultures of the sputum and blood are also important.

http://www.kidshealth.org.nz/pneumonia

Sometimes bacterial pneumonia develops during a viral infection. If this happens, your child will usually start with an illness like a cold for a few days, and then become much sicker quite quickly.

Antibiotics do not help in viral pneumonia. It is not always easy to tell if pneumonia is viral or bacterial. Doctors tend to use antibiotics when it is not clear which sort of pneumonia a child has. If your child has bacterial pneumonia, they will need antibiotics. If your child is young or sick enough to be in hospital, antibiotics are often given by a drip (into a vein).

A child usually takes a couple of weeks to fully recover. Over that time the immune (infection-fighting) system will be cleaning up the pneumonia. Coughing up phlegm (mucus or sputum) is part of the cleaning up process. The cough may last 1 or 2 weeks, or even longer.

If you are worried that the cough is getting worse again, or is not getting better after 4 weeks, you should take your child to see your doctor.

Albuterol

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682145.html

Albuterol is in a class of medications called bronchodilators. It works by relaxing and opening air passages to the lungs to make breathing easier.

 When the inhalation aerosol is used to treat or prevent symptoms of lung disease, it is usually used every 4 to 6 hours as needed. 

Albuterol acts as a functional antagonist to relax the airway irrespective of the spasmogen involved, thus protecting against all bronchoconstrictor challenges

https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080818093948AA9LlQB

Albuterol is a beta 2 specific bronchodilator. This means that it is specific to the smooth muscles of the airways of the lungs and that it helps to open them up or dilate them. It is not a steroid. Steroids that are inhaled are corticosteroids and they help by acting as anti-imflammatory agents. Corticosteroids are much better than anabolic steroids since they work at the area where they are inhaled and they have much less systemic side effects. Meaning you won’t have all of the weight gain, pimples and emtional changes. Hope this helps

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